When very young children get lice, it is difficult to remove the pests by using poisonous substances on the little heads. Children have sensitive skin and chemicals are liable to cause irritation and other side effects. You can use safer alternatives from your kitchen. However, repeated application of these things will be necessary for up to a week as these are mild in nature.
The simplest option and the most effective are to comb the lice and nits out using a very fine toothed comb. The parasites will get stuck between the teeth of the comb and will be pulled out. After each combing check the comb and remove any lice and nits in it, otherwise they will go back to the head during the next combing. The hair has to be combed a number of times section by section. Even then lice will move from one part of the head to other and may be missed.
To make it easier to trap the lice, wet the hair and use conditioner on it. This will facilitate combing. Nits usually have to be pulled off manually from the hair shaft because they are too small to pull off with a comb. Disinfect the comb by putting it in hot water for at least fifteen minutes. Petroleum jelly and other fat based products used to lubricate the skin can be applied to the hair to make combing out the lice easier. However, this is not a fool proof method for lice removal.
Olive oil is found in many kitchens as a cooking medium. It is safe to use on a small child’s hair. It is often used to soothe the skin and bring shine to the hair. It will envelop the lice and will kill them. It will lessen the itching caused by the insects biting the scalp.
A paste of neem leaves or basil can be applied on the head of the child who has lice. They are said to kill many insects and could prove useful. Tea tree oil is a antiseptic and is used in many shampoos to relieve dandruff. It can be applied on the hair of the child to kill lice but it is not safe for pregnant ladies and small babies.
The thing to be careful about is not to allow your child to play with any child who scratches his head often. If you notice that your child has an itchy scalp, at once swing into action and try one of the above methods. Lice lay many eggs daily, so that the quicker they are removed the better it is. Nits also hatch very quickly so they must be removed too. Repeat treatment often at regular intervals till all lice and nits are removed.